Common Long Island Rodent Types


The most common rat on Long Island is the Norway Rat. Due to its swimming ability, this Long Island rodent is also known as Sewer Rat or Water Rat.  A Rat is generally pretty easy to detect and is larger in size compared to mice. Rats are mostly seen at night but can be active at any time of the day.

Rats can be hazardous to humans and homes. They can transmit diseases through bites and leave feces, urine, and hair behind. Rats eat and nibble on everything that is in front of them. Sometimes that can cause damage to structures, furniture, or cables. Cable damage can result in fires.

Long Island Rats are as common in the suburban areas as the cities due to the great hiding opportunities. However, they often come into houses due to the high amount of required food.  The first step to staying Rat free on Long Island is to make sure you are keeping your home or business clean and not leaving out any food or debris that might attract rats. 

Seek a professional rodent exterminator to get rid of rats.



Mice are smaller than rats but can be just as damaging to homes and dangerous to humans. Mice are very known to spread diseases, such as the Hantavirus.  Hantaviruses are a family of viruses spread mainly by rodents and can cause varied disease syndromes in people worldwide. ** 

There are two main types of mice on Long Island: house mice and deer mice.


Long Island House Mice

As the name indicates house mice can often be found in homes on Long Island. They have the common mouse body and are one of the smallest Long Island rodents with up to 4 inches body length.  House mice can navigate the smallest size cracks to gain entry into homes. They seek shelter indoors to escape inclement weather or predators like snakes and coyotes and of course to find more food.  Any sort of clutter in basements and attics provides a hiding place that house mice may seek. 

If not removed professionally, you risk a wide spread. House Mice can have up to 35 babies per year and quickly run rampant within your home or business.  If the population is not controlled, house mice can cause contamination problems in places where they nest.  Their droppings and urine can also contaminate food.

Call Woody’s Exterminating for a free Long Island Rodent inspection.


Deer Mice/White-Footed Mice

Deer Mice or also called White-Footed Mice due to their white feet are more common in rural areas on Long Island. They prefer the farmlands over cities.  Deer mice are attracted to these rural homes that commonly have rocks or firewood in the yard. These mice may sneak into cabins and barns as well as homes in residential suburban and rural areas as soon as the cold weather begins to hit. 

These mice are small and move indoors through tiny openings near the ground. They may also climb to upper floors using vines and tree branches to sneak into attics.  They tend to build nests inside stored furniture or mattresses.  

Deer mice are generally larger than House Mice (5 – 7 inches body length).  They produce two to four litters a year, usually during warm months. Typical litters contain three to five individuals but may have as many as eight.


Long Island Voles

Voles can be easily confused with small field mice. However, they have smaller ears that are covered in fur and live in tunnels, similar to Moles.

Moles aren’t rodents, they are mammals but require professional extermination, as well.

Even though Voles and Moles aren’t related they share some common behavior. Both live in tunnels in your yard and can cause damage.


Signs of rodents in your home or workspace

Some common signs of rodent infestations are…

  • Noise: squeaky sounds, scurry/scamper running noise, or even nibble sounds
  • Sightings
  • Facies or other droppings: especially in their hiding spots
  • Bite marks on food leftovers, plastics, woods, cables, etc.



Rodent Food Sources

Rats and mice are attracted by human food sources as well as pet food in and around the house. The rodent’s food menu consists of berries and fruits, nuts, seeds, grains, meat, and even plants.

Voles eat grass and plant stems.


Get rid of Long Island Rodents

Rodents aren’t just a problem of New York City but also Long Island. Regardless of residential rodent problems or commercial infestations, call Woody’s Exterminating today. Get a free rodent inspection.


Internet sources: Nassau County Department of Health  and CDC 

Residential Mosquito Agreement


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